A definition of web hosting
As its name signifies, web hosting is a solution, which entails hosting online content. There are different forms and types of web hosting, depending on the mission and on the usage. Nevertheless, they all are related to hosting files, which, once hosted, are made accessible throughout the Web. A host is in fact a hosting server that is connected to the World Wide Web and has its very own IP address, which permits people to get access to it via the Web. The web server's architecture and its resources are dependent on the form of web hosting service it's going to be used for.
What are the various types of web hosting?
Based on the usage, the web hosting solution may be:
File Web Hosting - this type of hosting permits the customers to lodge their files on a certain server. With the routine file storage web hosting service, the files that are deposited may only be accessed by the client that's availing of the service. This hosting service typically concerns backups of computers , documents, private files and even other web servers. This service may also have certain limitations in relation to the data storage space and the root-level access. There may also be web traffic limits, but that depends on the given host.
Warez Web Hosting - the so-called warez web hosting solution is comparable with the previous web hosting service type. Even so, in contrast with the file web hosting solution, the warez web hosting service is used for propagating licensed work without the authorization of the licence owner. To cut a long story short - it appertains to the illegal circulation of files and materials. There are a lot of methods for this to be completed, but the two principal ways are - through plain Hypertext Transfer Protocol downloading and through peer-to-peer connections. The first one entails either some web site, or, most commonly, simply a directory on a hosting server that's been made available for everybody to access it and thereby download licensed files free of cost. The second way involves a P2P connection, availing of the so-called Torrent web servers, through which people exchange files between each other. There aren't many web page hosting distributors that allow that type of hosting on their servers, mainly because of all the legal troubles that it presupposes. Generally such web portals are hosted on personal dedicated web servers that are registered by third-party corporations either in the Middle East or in Asia.
Mail Web Hosting - this solution is used with both shared website hosting and dedicated hosting servers, depending on the customer's wish. If you desire to run your very own personal SMTP electronic mail server, then you will require either a virtual web hosting server or a dedicated hosting server that provides the access level required to accomplish such an assignment. For ordinary electronic mail web hosting ends, though, you can avail of a simple shared webspace hosting account, to which you can point the MX records of your domain. This is not a service that's very popular, because the website hosting and the e-mail hosting services are being served by 2 different servers, usually belonging to separate companies.
Web Site Hosting - the most famous and extensively used hosting service today. It's used for hosting site files, whose sort is determined by the Operating System the server is utilizing - Linux or Windows. Different kinds of files demand different web hosting server OSs, otherwise they won't be displayed accurately on the World Wide Web. This kind of hosting may include disk storage space and traffic quota limitations, root-level access and central processing unit usage restrictions.
Depending on the mission and on the usage, the customer should select the kind of hosting server that he demands for his work, and, of course, the web site hosting vendor that's going to furnish it. There are various sorts of web hosting servers, depending on the configuration and the web hosting services that they provide. These are:
Shared Hosting Server - a shared web space hosting server includes a smaller amount of resources, which, of course, is manifested in the price of the service. It can be utilized for hosting small size and medium size web sites, which do not need considerable quotas of server storage space and web traffic.
Semi-Dedicated Servers - they function on the very same principle as the shared site hosting servers. In spite of that, there are much fewer clients sharing the same server. Therefore, each of them will get a bigger share of the server's resources like RAM, server storage, bandwidth and CPU. Ideal for hosting huge web pages that do not require root-level access.
VPS hosting - the virtual web servers are excellent for middle size web portals, which do demand root-level access to the web server's config files. Generally, there are a few virtual private hosting server accounts hosted on the same server. Yet, each of them is independent from the other ones and runs its own OS.
Dedicated Servers - a fully dedicated machine set up and accessed by you and only you. It ensures a tremendous amount of resources. It also gives full root-level access, which renders it an excellent environment for any kind of web portal that demands a webspace hosting service.
The only question that remains is:
Which webspace hosting vendor should I choose?
As already mentioned, there are just a few hosts offering warez web hosting solutions because of judicial problems. Such hosts are being closed down virtually every month. For that reason, if you wish to offer such a service, you should do it on your very own computer. The shared web hosting service is the most widespread type of hosting service. Hence, each and every web space hosting supplier offers it. Not all of them, however, offer solutions such as VPSs, semi-dedicated hosting servers and dedicated hosting servers. Most of the small scale web hosting firms do not have the resources needed for maintaining those solutions. Hence it's invariably best to choose a larger web host that can supply its customers with all the services that they are looking for. You can quickly ID such hosts by the sorts of solutions that they are providing and by the way that they present them to the clients. For instance, some web hosting providers permit you to start with a small sized website hosting plan and subsequently shift to a more powerful one, if you deem it mandatory to do so. This is very convenient, because you do not need to migrate web sites between hosting servers and there is no chance of suffering network downtime due to all the complications that may appear. Hosting companies such as Free Hostia provide all types of services and possess the adequate web hosting server resources and personnel to guarantee that their clients will not face any troubles when swapping services, which is what a top hosting supplier is in fact all about.